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Peru

Santa Rita

project image Cascade Hydro

Project Name

Santa Rita

Location

Ancash Province

Capacity

255 MW

Technology

Run-of-River Hydro

Equipment

Francis Turbines

Additional details

Santa Rita has an approved Environmental Impact Study and exclusivity over the relevant water rights. The 250MW plant would take 42-48 months to construct from financial close. No Power Purchase Agreement ("PPA") is yet in place and the project awaits a large-scale hydro tender by the Peruvian government.”

3 River Hydros

project image Cascade Hydro

Project Name

Cascade Hydro – Platform of 3 Small Run of River Hydros

Location

Junin Province

Capacity

35 MW

Technology

Run-of-River Hydro

Equipment

Francis Turbines

Additional details

Developing three small hydro projects (10-15 MW each) in the same Junin region: Huasicancha, Colca, Chilcay, Colca Project was awarded a high price PPA in 2013. The other two projects in Junin should be submitted to the Subasta RER process in December 2017.

Country

project maps peru

Location

Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Population

30,741,062 (July 2016 est.)

Languages

Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other 0.2% (2007 Census)

Government Type

Presidential Republic

Capital

Lima

Administrative divisions

25 regions (regiones, singular - region) and 1 province* (provincia); Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Lima*, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali note: Callao, the largest port in Peru, is also referred to as a constitutional province, the only province of the the Callao region

Legal system

Civil law system

Electricity - production

44 billion kWh (2014 est.)

Electricity - consumption

39 billion kWh (2014 est.)

Country comparison to the world

44

Economy - overview:

Peru's economy reflects its varied topography - an arid lowland coastal region, the central high sierra of the Andes, the dense forest of the Amazon, with tropical lands bordering Colombia and Brazil. A wide range of important mineral resources are found in the mountainous and coastal areas, and Peru's coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds. Peru is the world's second largest producer of silver and third largest producer of copper.

The Peruvian economy grew by an average of 5.6% from 2009-13 with a stable exchange rate and low inflation, which in 2013 was just below the upper limit of the Central Bank target range of 1% to 3%. This growth was due partly to high international prices for Peru's metals and minerals exports, which account for almost 60% of the country's total exports. Growth slipped from 2014 to 2016, due to weaker world prices for these resources. Despite Peru's strong macroeconomic performance, dependence on minerals and metals exports and imported foodstuffs makes the economy vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices.

Peru's rapid expansion coupled with cash transfers and other programs have helped to reduce the national poverty rate by 28 percentage points since 2002, but inequality persists and continues to pose a challenge for the Ollanta HUMALA administration, which has championed a policy of social inclusion and a more equitable distribution of income. Poor infrastructure hinders the spread of growth to Peru's non-coastal areas. The HUMALA administration passed several economic stimulus packages in 2014 to bolster growth, including reforms to environmental regulations in order to spur investment in Peru’s lucrative mining sector, a move that was opposed by some environmental groups. However, in 2015, mining investment fell as global commodity prices remained low and social conflicts plagued the sector.

Peru's free trade policy has continued under the HUMALA administration; since 2006, Peru has signed trade deals with the US, Canada, Singapore, China, Korea, Mexico, Japan, the EU, the European Free Trade Association, Chile, Thailand, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, concluded negotiations with Guatemala and the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and begun trade talks with Honduras, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, and Turkey. Peru also has signed a trade pact with Chile, Colombia, and Mexico, called the Pacific Alliance, that seeks integration of services, capital, investment and movement of people. Since the US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement entered into force in February 2009, total trade between Peru and the US has doubled.

Source: CIA Worldfact Book, last updated May 01, 2017

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